Rules of negation in English


In this mini book, we will introduce you the “Negative” with many examples to figure out that for it’s major importance in this language. We will show you some of the rules that were mentioned in this book.

The first rule to make negative in a correct way ,that if you have “Auxiliary verb” in the sentence you have to put “not” or “n’t”  at the end of this auxiliary verb  except “will and can” will be “won’t and can’t” , may and am shouldn’t be shortened. If the sentence is free of these auxiliary verbs ,you have to put ( do not “don’t” - does not “doesn’t” – did not “didn’t”) before the verb. If the “subject” mentioned as “I- you -we - they - plural” you have to use “don’t” , if the “subject” mentioned as “ he -she - it- singular “ you have to use “doesn’t” , if the “subject” mentioned in the past tense you should use “didn’t” convert the verb to it’s infinitive form.

The meaning of infinitive source of certain verb is the verb in it’s first conjugation without “s- ing”.To get that more, read the following examples:

*present simple : 1/ He plays football --- > He doesn’t play football.
2/ You teach English ----- > You don’t teach English

*Present continuous : 1/ He is playing football .---- > He isn’t playing football.
2/ I am walking. ---- > I am not walking.

*Present perfect continuous:
1/ He has been playing football since two hours . --- > He hasn’t been playing football since two hours.

2/ You have been teaching English for two years. ---- > you haven’t been teaching English for two years.

*Past perfect continuous ;
1/ He had been studying English for two years before he got the job --- > he hadn’t been studying English for two years before he got the job.

*Future perfect :

1/I will have perfected my English by the time I come back from the U.S. --- > I won’t have perfected my English by he time I come back from the U.S.
*Future perfect continuous :
1/   I will have been waiting for two hours when her plane finally arrives -- > I won’t  have been waiting for two hours when her plane finally arrives.

#Notes
1/ ex : You have a pen . -- > 90% of students who learn negative may say it will be ( You haven’t a pen.) but this is a fatal mistake , because “have” occurred here in this sentence as normal verb not auxiliary one , so you have to say --- > (You don’t have a pen).

2/ ex: He has a pen. ---> if you said ( He doesn’t ‘ has a pen”) it’s wrong because “has” is a verb in which “s” added to it  , so you have to say “ (He doesn’t have a pen.)








In this mini book, we will introduce you the “Negative” with many examples to figure out that for it’s major importance in this language. We will show you some of the rules that were mentioned in this book.

The first rule to make negative in a correct way ,that if you have “Auxiliary verb” in the sentence you have to put “not” or “n’t”  at the end of this auxiliary verb  except “will and can” will be “won’t and can’t” , may and am shouldn’t be shortened. If the sentence is free of these auxiliary verbs ,you have to put ( do not “don’t” - does not “doesn’t” – did not “didn’t”) before the verb. If the “subject” mentioned as “I- you -we - they - plural” you have to use “don’t” , if the “subject” mentioned as “ he -she - it- singular “ you have to use “doesn’t” , if the “subject” mentioned in the past tense you should use “didn’t” convert the verb to it’s infinitive form.

The meaning of infinitive source of certain verb is the verb in it’s first conjugation without “s- ing”.To get that more, read the following examples:

*present simple : 1/ He plays football --- > He doesn’t play football.
2/ You teach English ----- > You don’t teach English

*Present continuous : 1/ He is playing football .---- > He isn’t playing football.
2/ I am walking. ---- > I am not walking.

*Present perfect continuous:
1/ He has been playing football since two hours . --- > He hasn’t been playing football since two hours.

2/ You have been teaching English for two years. ---- > you haven’t been teaching English for two years.

*Past perfect continuous ;
1/ He had been studying English for two years before he got the job --- > he hadn’t been studying English for two years before he got the job.

*Future perfect :

1/I will have perfected my English by the time I come back from the U.S. --- > I won’t have perfected my English by he time I come back from the U.S.
*Future perfect continuous :
1/   I will have been waiting for two hours when her plane finally arrives -- > I won’t  have been waiting for two hours when her plane finally arrives.

#Notes
1/ ex : You have a pen . -- > 90% of students who learn negative may say it will be ( You haven’t a pen.) but this is a fatal mistake , because “have” occurred here in this sentence as normal verb not auxiliary one , so you have to say --- > (You don’t have a pen).

2/ ex: He has a pen. ---> if you said ( He doesn’t ‘ has a pen”) it’s wrong because “has” is a verb in which “s” added to it  , so you have to say “ (He doesn’t have a pen.)



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